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- Trip duration : 22 days
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Nepal is divides into 3 regions. i.e. Himalayan region, Hilly region and Terai region. Terai region is located on the bottom part of Nepal. Terai is usually known as the grain house of Nepal since most the crops that are sold throughout Nepal are farmed from Terai region. The land area of Terai region is also very plain i.e. it is most suitable for growing crops and other food items. The Terai is a region of grasslands, savannas and forests between the foots of the Hilly region.
Terai region covers about 17% of the total area of Nepal. The Terai stretches from the international border with India in the Far-Western region to the Easter region. It is located at an altitude of 67-300m (220-980 ft.). The terai region consists of many small and seasonal rovers, most of them which originate straight from the Himalayan regions. The Terai’s soil is alluvial and moist so that various species of food crops can cultured and harvested. Main crops that are cultivated are paddy, wheat, pulses, moong, sugarcane, jute, tobacco and maize. Many agro-based industries like jute factories, sugar mills, are established throughout the region.
In Nepal, Terai is differentiated in “outer” and “Inner” Terai. The Outer Terai starts from the southern edge of theSiwalik Hills. In Nepal, it extends to the border withIndia and includes drier, mostly cleared agricultural land. The major towns that are located on outer terai ofNepal are:
Bhadrapur, Mechinagar, Biratnagar, Inaruwa, Itahari, Lahan, Rajbiraj, Janakpur, Birjgung, Butwal and Siddharthanagar.
Inner Terai refers to elongated valleys lying between the Siwalik Range and the Mahabharat range. These valleys are known as “Duns”. Like for example Dehra Dun. Most of the valleys extend east-west to enclosing ranges. Inner Terai valleys historically were agriculturally productive but extremely malaraial. Indigineous Tharu people had resistance towards the disease due to the presence of sickle cells present in them. Some important towns in Inner Terai are Triyuga, Kamalamai, Bharatpur, Hetauda, tandi, Tulsipur, Tribhuvannagar, Deukhuri and Birendranagar.
Since the Terai region usually consists of forests it is more prone to diseases.
Tharu people have been the inhibitants of the Terai region from the very beginning. They had resistance towards malaria. After the launch of Malaraial eradication program many people from the Hilly region started to migrate towards the Terai region and hance sttled there. The eastern part has been occupied by castes and ethnic groups that migrated from India- the Madhesi people, a term that sometimes also includes the Tharu people. People from Hilly region were wealthier and hence purchased large amount of Land for themselves for irrigational purpose.
Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu
Day 02: Flight to Bhadrapur Airport and drive to Illam.
Day 03: Full day observation in Illam
Day 04: 1/2 day sightseeing in Tea garden and evening drive to Biratnagar
Day 05: 1/2 sight seeing in Biratnagar(2nd largest and developed city of Nepal) and evening drive to Dharan.
Day 06: 1/2 day sightseeing in Dharan and Evening drive to Janakpur
Day 07: Full day sightseeing in Janakpur
Day 08: Afternoon drive to Birjung, Evening sightseeing in Birjung
Day 09: Drive to Hetauda
Day 10: Full day sightseeing in Hetauda
Day 11: Drive to Bharatpur
Day 12: Observation day in Bharatpur
Day 13: Drive to Butwal
Day 14: Full day sightseeing in Butwal
Day 15: Drive to Lumbini
Day 16: Full day sightseeing in Lumbini
Day 17: Drive to Chitwan National Park
Day 18: Full day Chitwan National Park activities
Day 19: Full day Chitwan National Park activities
Day 20: Drive to Kathmandu
Day 21: Rest and final shopping day
Day 22: Final Departure to your next destination.