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Tibet, a rich and beautiful land, is located on the main part of the Qinghai-Tibet plateau, at the south-west frontier of China. Tibet has borders with the Sichuan, Yuannan, Qinghai and Xinjiang provinces; to the south it has borders with India, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan and Burma, and it is bounded by Kashmir to the west.
When the name Tibet is mentioned something icy chills the reader's nerves. In fact it snows only once or twice a year, and owing to the perpetuity of bright sunshine it is not at all cold during the daytime even in the coldest days of the winter. Tibet is so sunny that it produces a year-round sunshine total of over 3,000 hours ia year. Its old name - "land of snow" - the name by which Tibet is often popularly known, suggests that it is always thickly covered with snow with hardly any signs of habitation. In fact, this name is correct only when it refersto the world's greatest ranges located in Ima, the Tisi, and the like. These ranges run by leaps and bounds across the country showing their beautiful snow-covered peaks against the bluest of skies.
Geographically, Tibet can be divided into three major parts, the east, north and south. The eastern part is a forest region, occupying approximately a quarter of the country. Virgin forests run the entire length and breadth of this part of Tibet. The northern part is open grassland, where nomads and yak and sheep dwell. This part occupies approximately half of Tibet. The southern and central part is an agricultural region, occupying about a quarter of Tibet's land area. With all the major Tibetan cities and towns such as Lhasa, Shigatse, Gyantse and Tsetang located in this area, it is considered the cultural centre of Tibet. The total area of the Tibet Autonomous Region is 1,200,000 square kilometers and its population is 1,890,000. The region is administratively divided into one municipality and six prefectures. The municipality is Lhasa, while the six prefectures are Shigatse, Ngari, Lhaoka, Chamdo, Nakchu and Nyingtri (Kongpo). The People's Government of the Tibet Autonomous Region exercises the highest administrative authority in Tibet.